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Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Fetal Medicine


Obstetrics & Gynaecology is a branch of medicine that dates back to Greco-Roman civilization, if not earlier. The word “Obstetrics” is derived from modern Latin obstetricus meaning “related to midwife” which has the root word obstetrix, meaning "midwife," or literally "one who stands opposite."

The word "Gynaecology" is a Greek word, which is a combination of two words Gyno is Gynaikos which meaning “woman” and logia meaning “study of”. Thus, Gynaecology is the study of women.

James Marion Sims was an American physician, regarded as the "Father of Modern Gynecology" for pioneering tools & techniques related to feminine reproduction.


Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that focuses on care during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. A doctor who specializes in the care of obstetric conditions is called as Obstetrician.

Gynaecology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the health of the female reproductive system (vagina, Uterus, Ovaries and fallopian tubes) and breasts. A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of gynaecological conditions is called Gynaecologist.

Gynaecology and Obstetrics are two medical specialities, concerned with two different aspects of the female reproductive system.

Some of the obstetrics conditions are family planning, prenatal counselling, infertility, full range of pregnancy, delivery and postnatal care, including vaginal birth and cesarean deliveries, management of ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage, obstetrical emergencies, such as heavy bleeding and gynecologic concerns which may affect or arise during pregnancy.

Some of the gynaecology conditions are menstrual irregularities, uterine problems, infections and irritation, family planning, breast pain, infections or changes, perimenopause and menopause issues.

If you experience any of the below signs and symptoms, then consult Best Gynecologist in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital.

The common signs and symptoms include Bleeding between periods, Frequent need to urinate, burning sensation during urination, abnormal vaginal bleeding, Pain or pressure in your pelvis, itching, burning, swelling, redness in the vaginal area, increased vaginal discharge, pain or discomfort during intercourse and Lump in breast.

The Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Aster CMI is regarded as the Best Hospital for Pregnancy in Bangalore for offering hi-tech treatment and facilities with comprehensive care for women and newborn.

Book an appointment online with Aster CMI, which is one among the Best Maternity Hospitals in Bangalore.


What is the difference between Gynaecologist and Obstetrician?

An Obstetrician and Gynaecologist are two specialist doctors who work in women’s health care. An Obstetrician specializes in care for women during their pregnancy and just after the baby is born. Whereas, Gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in women's reproductive health.

When should I first consult a Gynecologist for a Gynecological exam?

It is recommended to consult a Gynecologist from the age of 13 to 15 years. Later when you are sexually active or within 2 to 3 years of being sexually active.

What is the age of a woman for her first Gynecological exam?

The first pelvic exam should be done around the age of 21 years or sooner when the woman is sexually active.

What are the exams performed during the first visit to a Gynaecologist?
  • General physical exam
  • External genital exam
What happens during my general physical exam?

In general physical exam, your height, weight and blood pressure will be examined to determine the normal health condition.

What happens during my external genital exam?

In the external genital exam, your doctor will view the vulva and the opening of your vagina to identify the signs of cysts, abnormal discharge, genital warts, irritation, or other issues. Your doctor may give you a mirror to see vulva as well, and this exam helps know about your body better.

Can I have a pap smear during my period/menstrual cycle?

Yes, you can have pap smear during the period as long as the bleeding is not heavy.

What are the common concerns I can discuss with my ob-gyn?

Some of the common concerns include Pain and cramps during the menstrual cycle, Acne, Weight, Sex and sexuality, Birth control, STIs, Emotional ups & downs, Alcohol, drugs, and smoking.

What are the symptoms of a vaginal infection?

The most common vaginal infection is either a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis. Both of them can cause itching, burning, rawness or discomfort etc. They are usually associated with increased vaginal discharge which can vary from women to women at different stages of her life

Do I need a routine Mammogram?

A Mammogram is recommended for women who are aged 40 or above need to start yearly screening mammograms.

A mammogram is an X-ray image of the breast to diagnose the early signs of breast cancer.

Is it normal to have unexpected bleeding on birth control pills?

Yes, it is usual to have unexpected bleeding as the birth control pills will affect the lining of the uterus. This condition is normal with light bleeding, specifically during the first three months of using hormonal birth control pills.

If you have any doubts or clarification, then consult Best Gynecologist in Bangalore at Aster CMI Hospital.

Is it common to have irregular or no bleeding while on birth control pills?

Yes, it is common for the period to get a light that there is no obvious bleeding, even on the sugar pills. This condition is considered to be normal and not a cause for concern.

It happens when the hormone level in your pills drop, results in lighter bleeding which is slightly different than the normal period you had before taking the pill.