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Vascular Surgery

The word vascular is derived from the Latin word “vascularis” which means “of or pertaining to vessels or tubes." As per the history of vascular surgery, Dr Wesley Moore, a legendary vascular surgeon coined the term, "endovascular."

Dr Rudolph Matas is considered as the father of vascular surgery. He is one among the towering figures during the 19th-20th century.


Vascular surgery is a branch of medical subspecialty which focuses on the diseases and conditions of the vascular system, or arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation. The vascular conditions are managed through medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter and surgical reconstruction procedures.

The techniques of vascular surgery are related to endovascular surgeries, which includes balloon angioplasty and/or stenting, aortic and peripheral vascular endovascular stent/graft placement, thrombolysis, and other adjuncts for vascular reconstruction.

A vascular surgeon is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and management of conditions in your arteries and veins, also known as blood vessels.

General Signs and Symptoms:

Vascular diseases are problems that occur in arteries and veins. These diseases affect 10% of people and they are less common in arms than in the legs. They can lead to problems such as pain, open wounds, or even loss of body parts.

The common symptoms include pain, or heaviness in the area affected by vascular disease or injury, lack of circulation, brittle toenails, hair loss on the feet and legs, a foot or lower leg may feel cold, numbness, weakness, or a tingling feeling in the affected area.

If you are having any of the above symptoms, then seek medical help from a Vascular Specialist in Bangalore at Aster CMI Hospital.


Before diagnosis, you will be clinically evaluated by a vascular surgeon, which involves a history and physical examination.

Based on your symptoms, your doctor may perform the following investigations to identify the underlying problem: Ankle-brachial index (ABI), Ultrasound or Doppler, Angiography and Blood tests.

After the thorough assessment, a Vascular Surgeon will recommend the treatment based on your condition. A vascular surgeon can also treat vascular diseases by non-operative means, including drug therapy and risk factor management. Schedule an appointment with the best Vascular Surgeon in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital.


What is Vascular Disease?

Vascular disease is a condition that affects the network of your blood vessels (arteries and veins), also known as your vascular or circulatory system.

What are the types of vascular disease?

Some of the common vascular diseases are stroke, peripheral artery disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, carotid artery disease, arteriovenous malformation, critical limb ischemia, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, chronic venous insufficiency, and varicose.

What does vascular pain feel like?

The most common symptom is pain which is a result of the interruption of blood flow to a tissue or muscles. The pain is seen usually when you are walking or climbing stairs and stops when you are in rest.

What are the causes of vascular diseases?

The causes of vascular diseases include inflammation of blood vessels, circulatory problems, vascular ruptures, constrictions, blood vessel spasms, Ischemia, peripheral vascular disease and trauma injuries. People with diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney failure are more likely to be affected by vascular problems.

Is vascular disease curable?

There is no cure for vascular diseases but the symptoms can be limited with lifestyle changes and medication. These treatments will help you to reduce the risk of developing other vascular diseases like cardiovascular disease (CVD) like coronary heart disease and stroke.

What are the risks of vascular surgery?

Unlike other surgeries, vascular surgery also risks which include: Bleeding, infections, heart attack or stroke, failed or blocked grafts, leg swelling (if a leg vein is used), individuals above 65 years are at higher risk of brain impairment after vascular surgery.

Why would you see a vascular surgeon?

A vascular surgeon is a specialist who focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the vascular system - arteries and veins. These specialists treat a wide range of health problems that include spider and varicose veins to life-threatening aneurysms, help people suffering from chronic conditions to manage throughout their life.

How long will it take to recover from vascular surgery?

Usually, it may take as long as 6 to 8 weeks to fully recover from vascular surgery because the incision may be sore for several days and you will be able to walk farther without taking rest after full recovery.

What are the vascular treatments?

The vascular treatments are Amputation, Carotid Endarterectomy, Catheter-Directed Thrombolytic Therapy, Diabetic Foot Care, Dialysis Access, Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Endovascular Treatment of Aortic Dissection, Open Surgery Treatment of an Aortic Dissection, Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Line, Repair of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm, Surgical Bypass, Surgical Bypass for Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease, Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair, Thrombolytic Therapy and Transcarotid Artery Revascularization.

How can you prevent vascular disease?

Some of the best ways to prevent vascular disease are:

  • Quit smoking as it harms your blood vessels in many ways and increases the risk of vascular disease.
  • Intake of healthy food like fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meat and poultry, fish, beans and low-fat or fat-free dairy products.
  • Regular physical activity can help you reduce the risk of vascular disease.
  • Follow your treatment plan and take medications for diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.