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Urology & Nephrology




History of Urology and Nephrology:

The word Urology is derived from Greek ouron meaning “urine” and logia meaning “study of”, and is also known as Genitourinary science. Spanish surgeon Francisco Diaz is generally regarded as the founder of modern urology. He wrote the first treatises on the disorders of the bladder, kidneys, and urethra.

The word Nephrology is derived from Greek nephros meaning “kidney” and logy meaning “study of”, first used during the period 1960. Earlier, the speciality was usually referred to as “Kidney medicine”.

John P. Merrill is considered as the father of nephrology and Hippocrates is considered the father of clinical nephrology.


Urology is a part of medicine that deals with the study of diseases relating to the urinary, male and female genital tracts. A Urologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the urinary tract and male reproductive organs.

The urinary tract consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, which work together to ensure the normal function of the urinary tract. It also focuses on male organs that are responsible for reproduction like penis, testes, scrotum and prostate etc.

The main function of the urinary tract is to remove waste and water in the form of urine. If your urinary tract is not functioning properly, it may lead to complex health problems over time. Since the health issues in these body parts can happen to everyone, it is important to keep your urologic health in good condition.

The common Urologic diseases or conditions include urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder control problems, erectile dysfunction and prostate problems.

Nephrology is a specialty of internal medicine that focuses on the treatment of diseases affecting the kidneys. A Nephrologist (Kidney Specialist) is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of kidney diseases.

The conditions treated by nephrologist include blood or protein in the urine, kidney stones, kidney infections, kidney swelling, chronic kidney disease, hemolytic uremic syndrome, kidney cancer, polycystic kidney disease, hemolytic uremic syndrome, renal artery stenosis, nephrotic syndrome and kidney failure.

General Signs and Symptoms:

The symptoms of urology differ from person to person, if you have any of the symptoms below, be sure to talk to Urologist. Some of the common symptoms include pain or burning sensation while urinating, difficulty urinating, blood or other discharge in urine, fever, chills, lower back pain and pain in the genitals.

Generally, the causes of urology conditions are a bladder infection, constipation, ageing, birth defects, blockage in the urinary tract, chronic, or long-lasting coughing, diabetes and overweight or obesity.


Most people do not have any severe symptoms until kidney disorder is severe. However, if you have any of the symptoms below, be sure to talk to a Nephrologist.

Some of the common symptoms include the decreased amount of urine, shortness of breath, persistent nausea, fatigue, feeling faint, dizzy, or weak, confusion and foamy or bubbly urine.

Generally, the causes of Nephrology conditions include high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and a family history of kidney problems.

If you are experiencing any of the above signs or symptoms, then consult Best Kidney Specialist in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital.

The Department of Urology & Nephrology at Aster CMI is regarded as the leading Nephro Urology Hospital Bangalore for offering services of International standard in terms of treatments and facilities.


Depending on the medical condition or your symptoms, urologist/Nephrologist may advise the following investigation, that includes Blood tests, Urine tests, imaging tests of the kidneys, such as ultrasounds, CT scans, or X-rays and Kidney biopsies.

Contact us now to consult our Best Urologist in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital.


What is the difference between a Urologist and a Nephrologist?

Urologists help diagnose and treat disorders related to the male reproductive system as well as conditions and diseases of the urinary and genital tract in men, women, and children. Nephrologists, on the other hand, help take care of patients with kidney diseases. They are the only specialists trained to provide dialysis for kidney failure treatment. Nephrologists are also part of the kidney transplant teams though they don't operate, they are called as kidney doctors.

What are some of the common ailments that Urologists treat?

The Urologists provide diagnosis and treatment for diseases of the urinary tract, that include incontinence or loss of bladder control, including urologic cancers, male sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, urinary stone disease, male infertility, impotence or erectile dysfunction and prostate disease, as well as specialist treatments for urinary tract reconstruction, Bladder Cancer, Erectile Dysfunction, Genitourinary Tract Injuries, Kidney Cancer, Peyronie's Disease, Priapism, Testicular Cancer and Urethral Injuries.

What are some of the common conditions that Nephrologists treat?

Nephrologists can help diagnose and treat the conditions like blood or protein in urine, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Kidney stones, Kidney infections, Kidney swelling due to glomerulonephritis or Interstitial nephritis, Polycystic kidney disease, Haemolytic uremic syndrome, Renal artery stenosis, nephritic syndrome, End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD), Acute and Chronic kidney failure. They may also be involved in other diseases which could act as contributing factors to kidney disease or dysfunction like - high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, autoimmune conditions (Ex: lupus) or any other medications affecting kidney functions.

What diseases can affect the kidneys?

Our kidneys can compensate for the lost function and are highly adaptable. Therefore, most of the kidney diseases go undiagnosed until it's very late or difficult to reverse them. Some of the common kidney problems are Diabetic Nephropathy, Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis, Alport Syndrome, Glomerulonephritis, IgA Nephropathy (Berger’s Disease), Fabry Disease, Minimal Change Disease, Kidney Stones, Nephrotic Syndrome, and Polycystic Kidney Disease or PKD. Health problems (like diabetes) affect your kidneys, and they may cause Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD. CKD is like permanent damage to the kidneys that may get worse over time. If they're so damaged that they stop working, it's called kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD)

What are the facilities available at Aster CMI for Robotic Kidney Surgery treatment?

The Centre of Excellence (CoE) for Nephrology & Urology ranks number one in Robotic Kidney Transplant in Bangalore and South India, having the highest number of cases done to its credit, making us one of the best kidney treatment hospitals in Bangalore. The department specializes in traditional as well as Laparoscopic, Robotic, and Laser surgery for various kidney and urinary conditions. Robotic surgery at Aster CMI is conducted using the Da Vinci Surgical Robot, which is a state-of-the-art robotic system designed to perform complex surgery in a minimally invasive manner with greater precision. It is primarily used to perform prostatectomy, nephrectomy, pyeloplasty, ureteral reimplantation, and kidney transplants. Aster MARS is South India's Largest Robotic Kidney Transplant Program. Robotic Technology offers a high level of precision, to ensure tremor free movement of the instrument, thereby causing no damage to the graft kidney.

What are the common kidney stone symptoms?

Kidney stones may not cause any symptoms until they shift within the kidney or pass into the ureter- the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. You may experience some of these signs and symptoms. Severe pain below the ribs, in the side and back, or pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity, pain while urinating, pink, red or brown hued urine, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, nausea and vomiting, consistent urge to urinate or urinating more often than usual, urinating small amounts frequently, fever and chills in case there is some infection are some of the common symptoms. Pain caused due to kidney stone may change – in case they shift or increase in intensity as the stone moves through the urinary tract.

Why should I choose Aster CMI Hospital for my Urology and Nephrology related issues?

Aster CMI Hospital has established its reputation as one of the best kidney transplant hospitals in Bangalore. We have some of the best nephrologists in Bangalore efficiently treating all types of Nephrology (kidney related) issues. Our dedicated and experienced urologists are capable of undertaking a quick diagnosis of complex urological diseases and provide the best clinical solutions. Supported by a caring and efficient team, world-class infrastructure and a multidisciplinary approach, we aim to retain our position as one of the top Nephrology & Urology hospitals in Southern India.