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The term "Psychiatry" comes from the Ancient Greek word psykhe means "soul", and -iatry means "medical treatment" from Gk. iatrikos ``medical" from iasthai which means "to heal".

A German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808 coined the term Psychiatry which literally means' the medical treatment of the soul'. Dr Benjamin Rush is regarded as the "Father of American psychiatry", who was the first one to believe that mental illness is a disease of the mind and not a "possession of demons." He also published a psychiatric textbook in 1812.

Philippe Pinel, a French physician who is regarded as the "Father of modern psychiatry. He has played an important role in the development of a more humane psychological approach to the treatment and care of psychiatric patients, today referred to as morale therapy.


Psychiatry is the medical speciality which deals with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of mental disorders. The primary objective of psychiatry is the relief of mental suffering related to the disorder and improvement of mental well-being.

Psychology study generally involves studying how people think, communicate, feel, learn, perceive and understand when they are alone or when they interact with others or the world. The mental disorders include various maladaptations concerning mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions.

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor or physician who specializes in psychiatry is called a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists are trained medical doctors who focus extensively on psychotherapy and treating emotional and mental suffering in patients with mental behaviour intervention. Therefore, the field of psychology and psychiatry are both necessary for developing the treatment for improving mental and emotional health.

General Signs and Symptoms:

The symptoms of mental illness can vary based on disorder type and it can affect one’s emotions, thoughts and behaviours. Some of the common symptoms are extreme mood changes, suicidal thinking, often feeling sad or down, excessive fears and an extreme feeling of guilt, unable to handle daily problems and stress, paranoia or hallucinations, sex drive changes, and excessive anger and violence.


Based on your medical condition, your psychiatrist will conduct the following investigations to identify the underlying problem. It involves a physical exam, lab

  • In the physical exam, your psychiatrist will try to assess the problems of mental illness.
  • In Lab tests, your psychiatrist will assess thyroid function or screening for alcohol and drugs.
  • In psychological evaluation, your psychiatrist talks to you about symptoms, thoughts, feelings and behaviour.

If you are experiencing any of the mental health-related problems, then consult Best Psychologist in Bangalore or visit Aster CMI hospital for Psychological counselling in Bangalore.


What is the role of a psychiatrist?

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is expert in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health, including substance use disorders. They are qualified to examine both the mental and physical aspects of psychological problems. Psychiatrists usually prescribe medications along with psychotherapy.

What are the main warning signs of mental illnesses?

Some of the main signs and symptoms of mental illnesses are anxiety, high & low mood, schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, dementia, eating disorders, social withdrawal, fear, and long-term sadness or irritability.

What are the conditions that a psychiatrist treats?

As psychiatrists have a deep knowledge of physical and mental health and how they affect each other. They support people with conditions of mental health such as schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, and addiction.

When should I see a psychiatrist?

Generally, people seek medical help from psychiatrist for many problems which can be sudden, such as panic attack, scary hallucinations, thought related to suicide or hearing voices, or sometimes it may be feelings of sadness, hopelessness or anxiousness etc seem to affect the normal functioning of brain, leading to our everyday life to feel distorted or out of control.

Does a psychiatrist treat only serious conditions?

No, Psychiatrists assess and treat people with a wide array of difficulties. It applies to those seeking treatment themselves and those referred by others.

What are the treatment options for psychiatry conditions?

The treatment depends on the type of mental illness, severity and what medication or therapy works best for you. Sometimes, the combination of treatments is recommended to manage mental illness. It includes medications, psychotherapy, brain-stimulation treatments, hospital and residential treatment programs and substance misuse treatment.

How does a psychiatrist and psychologist differ?

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor with special clinical qualifications in psychiatry. A psychiatrist will conduct psychotherapy and prescribe drugs and other medical treatments.

A psychologist usually holds an advanced degree, mostly in clinical psychology, and often has extensive research or clinical practice experience. They treat mental disorders with psychotherapy and some specialize in psychological examination and assessment.

How is psychology related to counseling?

Counseling Psychology is a specialization of clinical psychology that focuses on promoting psychological and interpersonal lifetime functioning across the life span. It pays special attention to issues of personal, social, vocational, educational, environmental, developmental, and organizational concern.

What is a counseling psychologist?

A counselling psychologist tends to specialize in psychological and emotional health concerns and are experts in taking care of psychiatric conditions of both adults and children.

What diseases does a counselling psychologist treat?

A counselling psychologist specializes in the treatment of various psychological and mental health problems to help people overcome anxiety, depression, eating disorder, relationship issues and improve overall sense of well-being, alleviate feelings of distress and resolve crises.

If you need Best Psychological Counselling in Bangalore, visit Aster CMI hospital.