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The Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) specialty, also known as Physiatry, has its historical origins in the early 20th century. Frank Krusen is regarded as the "Father of Physical Medicine" and Howard Rusk is the "Father of Medicine for Rehabilitation.


Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) is a medical specialty focusing on the prevention, treatment, recovery of patients with physical impairments caused by injury, illness, pain or malformation.

Rehabilitation is the process of helping an individual reach the highest possible level of performance and quality of life within their physical limitations. Rehabilitation may not reverse the damage caused by illness or injury, instead helps to restore optimal health, functioning and well-being of the patient.

PMR physicians or physiatrists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with short-to long-term physical and/or cognitive impairment and musculoskeletal ailments, neurological conditions or other medical conditions.

Some of the common conditions treated by PMR medicine include:

  • Neurologic disorders such as Movement disorder, ALS, Dementia, Peripheral neuropathy and Carpal tunnel. Cerebral disorders such as Stroke, Multiple sclerosis, Brain tumor and Parkinson’s disease.
  • Pediatrics conditions such as Congenital disorders, Cerebral palsy, Spina bifida and Muscular dystrophy.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions such as Sports medicine, Strains and Sprains, Repetitive trauma, Degenerative and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Pain-related conditions such as Back pain, Neck pain, Joint pain, Headache and Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (CRPS).
  • Trauma conditions such as Brain Injury, Spinal cord injury, Concussion, Orthopedic Trauma and Amputation.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • Oncology Rehabilitation
  • Diabetic foot


Why is PMR needed?

PMR or Physiatry offers holistic treatment by addressing the physical, mental, medical, vocational and social needs of the individual. PMR services also include sports medicine and injury prevention. PMR consultant/Physiatrist specialize in the treatment of a wide variety of medical conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves, bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons etc for patients of all ages.

What are the pediatric rehabilitation conditions?

The pediatric rehabilitation conditions are Cerebral palsy, Congenital (Infant) torticollis, Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, neonatal brachial plexus injury, Pediatric traumatic brain injury, Pediatric stroke, scoliosis and Spina bifida, speech issues.

How will rehabilitation help patients improve body functions?

Rehabilitation can improve many body functions including problems with the bowel and bladder, chewing and swallowing, thinking or reasoning problems, movement or coordination, voice, and language.

What does a PMR doctor do?

PMR - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physician assesses the patient by clinical /investigations methodologies and charts down the treatment plan, regularly monitors the progress and changes the plan accordingly.

What are the benefits of Rehabilitation?

Rehabilitation therapy will improve the optimal physical health, helps regain mobility and improves the quality of life with dignity.

Why should I see a physiatrist?

As the physiatrist will assess and help you to manage the pain caused due to musculoskeletal ailments. A physiatrist mainly focuses on treating the whole person and restoring lost function post-injury, illness or disability.

What conditions does a Physiatrist treat?

The conditions treated by a physiatrist include the areas such as Neurorehabilitation, Pain medicine, Musculoskeletal care, Sports injuries, Post-operative care, Pediatric functional and developmental disorders, Prosthetics and Orthotics, and specialized rehabilitation.

How do physiatrists differ from physical therapists?

Physiatrists and Physical therapists treat patients with similar types of conditions but differ in medical training in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR).

The role of the physiatrist is to diagnose, treat and manage a patient’s medical issues as they participate through the rehabilitation process and prescribe medications. Whereas, a physical therapist will follow the plans of care to help patients regain functional ability and recover from pain due to injury and surgery. Consult Best Rehabilitation Specialist in Bangalore at Aster CMI Hospital.

How will you know when to see a Physiatrist?

It is recommended to see a Physiatrist if you had an injury which leads to pain and improper physical functioning. Also, if you are recovering from surgery, experienced stroke or nerve damage which is responsible to reduce physical ability. Other problems that are taken care of by physiatrist are chronic back pain, neck pain, chronic arthritis etc.

If you are looking for the Best Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Center in Bangalore, then visit Aster CMI Hospital.