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The word “Ophthalmology” is derived from the Greek word ophthalmos meaning eye and logia meaning "study of". The first ophthalmologists were oculists, during middle ages these paramedical specialists practised on an itinerant basis. George Bartisch, a German physician is regarded as the "Father of Ophthalmology". In the16th century, Georg Bartisch wrote on eye diseases and so, he is credited with the founding medical speciality of ophthalmology.


Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and conditions. The subspecialties of ophthalmology are glaucoma, cornea, retina, uveitis, refractive surgery, pediatrics, neuro-ophthalmology, plastic and reconstructive surgery and ocular oncology. Our eye, its surrounding structures and the visual system can be affected by many clinical conditions. Ophthalmology involves diagnosis and treatment of such conditions, along with microsurgery.

An ophthalmologist is a doctor who specialises in the field of ophthalmology. Also, ophthalmologists perform surgery on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.

General signs and symptoms:

Most eye problems build up over time, and regular checks will avoid this. It is generally advised to everyone see an ophthalmologist before the age of 40 and see often if suggested for further eye treatment.

The general signs and symptoms of eye problems include eye pain, double vision, recurrent pain in or around the eye, sudden bright floating spots, problem seeing in dim light, changes in the colour of the iris, itching, burning, or a heavy discharge in the eyes and white areas in the pupil of the eye.

Some of the common causes of eye problems are eye strain, redness, color blindness, uveitis, floaters, presbyopia, night blindness, dry eyes, cataracts, glaucoma, retinal disorders, corneal diseases and conjunctivitis.

If you experience any of these eye problems, it is better to consult best Ophthalmologist in Bangalore to treat your eye condition.


Eye problems can range from mild to severe, and some are chronic conditions. Based on your eye condition, the eye specialist will thoroughly assess the eye condition through the following investigations.

Color Vision Test, Computerized Optic Disc Imaging and Nerve Fiber Layer Analysis, Corneal Topography, Electro-Diagnostic Testing, Fluorescein Angiography, Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT), Photography of the Eye, Specular Microscopy, Visual Field Tests and Ultrasound test.

Book an appointment with top Eye Specialist in Bangalore or visit Aster CMI, which is one among the Best Eye Hospital in Bangalore offering comprehensive treatment in the field of ophthalmology.


What are the common ophthalmology disorders?

The common ophthalmology disorders are Bulging Eyes, Cataracts, CMV Retinitis, Colour blindness, Crossed eyes, Diabetic Macular Oedema and age-related macular degeneration.

Why should you consult an Ophthalmologist?

It is recommended to see an ophthalmologist or eye specialist if you experience symptoms such as loss of vision, changes in vision, changes in the colour of vision, dry eyes, eye infections, chronic eye problems etc are treated by an ophthalmologist.

How often should you have your eyes examined?

It is important to examine your eyes periodically throughout life to know the functionality of your eye. Based on the age factor, you should consult the eye doctor if you are under:

-Age 19-40: at least every 10 years

-Age 41-55: at least every 5 years

-Age 55 & above: at least every 3 years

What is Glaucoma?

It is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve and causes blindness. Other signs and symptoms of glaucoma are a sudden increase in IOP, blurred vision, halos around lights, severe eye pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

What is Cataract surgery?

It is a surgical procedure which involves removal of the lens of your eye, and replace it with an artificial lens. Generally, cataract eye problems are developed due to ageing or injury, which changes the tissue that makes up your eye's lens. Other causes of cataract are diabetes, obesity, hypertension, smoking and UV radiation.

What are the risk factors of cataract surgery?

The risks of cataract surgery are Infection, inflammation, swelling, bleeding, retinal detachment, secondary cataract, drooping eyelid, loss of vision, glaucoma and dislocation of an artificial lens.

What is a corneal disease?

It is a serious eye condition that can cause clouding, distortion, scarring and results in blindness. Some of the common causes of corneal disease are infection, an autoimmune disorder, trauma, nutritional deficiency, dystrophies and degenerative corneal disorders, allergies and ectasia.

What difference does an optometrist and an ophthalmologist make?

An optometrist is an eye doctor who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of both vision and health problems and corrects refractive errors by prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses. An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who specializes in the surgical treatment of eye disorders. Both optometrist and an ophthalmologist are eye doctors who are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of many of the same eye conditions.

How to keep a good eye vision?

Good eye health starts with the food that you consume every day. It is vital to manage good vision which helps us to do well in our life. Some of the steps you should cultivate to maintain eye health as you age are eating a balanced diet, regular exercise routine, get good sleep daily, wear sunglasses and use safety eyewear. You can consult these good and experienced Eye specialists in Bangalore at Aster CMI Hospital for treatment of a wide range of eye problems.