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History of Neurology:

The word “Neurology” is derived from the Greek word - ?????? meaning “neuron”, and logia meaning “study”. The ancient Greeks were among the first people to study the brain and try to understand its role and functions to explain neural disorders.

In 1664, Thomas Willis is the first one to use the word “Neurology” who has published Anatomy of the Brain, followed by Cerebral Pathology in 1667. However, Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology, is considered as the “Father of Modern Neurology” for his achievements in the field.

Neurosurgery was discovered in the 18th century by Sir Humphry Davy and brought into the operating room by Sir Astley Cooper. However, Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon, pathologist and writer is regarded as the “Father of Modern Neurosurgery” (1869-1939) for his achievements and technological developments in the field of neurosurgery.

Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary science that deals with the study of the structure and functions of the nervous system. It encompasses the evolution, development, cellular and molecular biology, physiology, anatomy and pharmacology, human behaviour and cognition of how the human brain works.


Neurology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the study of clinical aspects of brain and nervous system.

Neurosurgery or Neurological surgery is the medical speciality that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment and rehabilitation of diseases and conditions affecting the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and cerebrovascular system).

A doctor/physician who specializes in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of brain, spinal cord and nerves is called Neurosurgeon.

General Signs and Symptoms:

There exists a wide range of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Epilepsy, Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and Migraines. Neurological disorders may be due to Lifestyle-related causes; Infections, Genetics, Nutrition-related causes, Environmental influences and Physical injuries

Physical symptoms include:

Partial or complete paralysis, Muscle weakness, Partial or complete loss of sensation, Seizures., Difficulty reading and writing, Poor cognitive abilities, Unexplained pain and Decreased alertness.

Apart from physical symptoms, it is important to understand the emotional symptoms of neurological problems as well. Individuals may suffer from neurological problems such as depression or delusions.

If you experience symptoms such as Headaches, Blurry vision, Fatigue, Slurred speech, Tremors, Numbness in the legs or arms, Changes in coordination or balance, Changes in behaviour and Weakness etc, consult Best Neurologists in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital, which is one of the Best Neuro Hospital in Bangalore.


As a primary test, the neurologist will thoroughly assess motor and sensory skills, hearing and speech, vision, coordination, and balance. Also, tests include assessing mental status, mood, and behaviour. Based on the results of the neurological assessment and the patient’s medical history, a neurologist will recommend diagnostic tests and procedures.

  • Lab tests of blood, urine, or other body fluids help the doctor to determine the neuro disease or condition.
  • Genetic testing to determine if people are carrying genes with disorders in the family history.
  • Brain scans include various types of imaging procedures that include:
  • Computed tomography (CT scan)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
  • Angiography
  • Biopsy
  • Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
  • Electroencephalography
  • Electromyography
  • Electronystagmogram
  • Myelography
  • Polysomnography (ENG)
  • Evoked potentials
  • Thermography
  • Ultrasonography

If you are looking for the Best Brain Hospitals in Bangalore, offering advanced treatments and facilities then contact us now to consult expert Neurosurgeons in Bangalore.


What is the difference between a neurologist and a neurosurgeon?

Neurologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles through drug-based practices.
A Neurosurgeon is a specialist who treats disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system through surgical interventions.

What are neurological diseases treated by a neurologist?

There are more than 600 diseases of the nervous system known to medical science. All the conditions of the brain, spine, and nerves can be classified as neurological disorders.

Some of the most commonly seen neurological disorders are – Alzheimer’s Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (also called ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease), Brain and Spinal Cord Injuries, Brain Tumors, Cerebrovascular Diseases, Epilepsy, Headaches and Migraines, Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Neuromuscular Diseases, Peripheral Nerve Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Spinal Disorders, Stroke, Tremors, etc which are treated by neurologists.

What are the neurological ailments treated by a neurosurgeon?

There are brain tumors, spinal tumors, interventional disc prolapse, trauma, and stroke etc, which are treated by neurosurgeons. Vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, or degenerative diseases of the spine are also treated by neurosurgeons.

How are neurological disorders treated?

Neurological disorders are treated in two ways – one by the neurologist and the other by neurosurgeons. Most of the neurologists provide personalised, patient-centric approach to treat different neurological (brain-related) diseases. To assess the optimal treatment option, a brain doctor (neurologist) will perform diagnostic tests and a neurological exam to assess and interpret the brain and nervous system. The neurosurgeon will look into the surgical aspects of the disorders.

My neuro doctor has recommended a neurological exam. What should I expect during it?

A neurological exam typically consists of reviewing a patient’s health history, keeping in mind the condition that you are currently experiencing. The exam usually tests your Mental status, vision, Strength, Coordination, Memory, Reasoning & Puzzle-solving abilities, Reflexes, Ability to feel physical objects, Sense of smell, and Hearing. If the neurologist thinks you need further investigations, you may be asked to undergo an MRI or a CT scan.

What is minimally invasive spine surgery?

Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is sometimes called less invasive spine surgery. In these procedures, spine surgeons use specialized instruments to access the spine through small incisions. Minimally invasive spine surgery was developed to treat spine problems with less injury to the muscles and other normal structures in the spine. It also helps the spine specialist to see only the location where the problem exists in the spine. Other advantages of MISS include smaller incisions, less bleeding, and shorter stays in the hospital. 

Does Aster CMI Hospital offer Spine surgery?

The Spine surgeries performed at the Neurosciences Department of the Aster CMI include microsurgery and minimal-access surgery for spine fractures, spinal tumors, cervical and lumbar disc replacement surgery. MIS decompression for spinal stenosis, scoliosis and deformity correction and cranio-vertebral junction surgery for congenital and acquired abnormalities. Our hospital has been consistently ranked as one of the top spine specialist hospitals in Bangalore and is considered to be the best hospital for spine surgery in Bangalore.

What are the brain and nerve related treatments available at Aster CMI Hospital?

At Aster CMI Hospital, we have some of the best neurology specialists in Bangalore who employ the latest technology, infrastructure and advanced diagnostic tests like 3-Tesla MRI scan and a fully equipped Hybrid Cath lab to conduct accurate assessments that help determine the problems of brain or nervous system and accordingly suggest on which treatment is best for your condition. Our Neuroscience department provides the latest technology such as Intraoperative navigation, Neurophysiological monitoring with Electrophysiology and Ultrasound. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is one of the unique services offered at Aster CMI, which is currently available in a few hospitals across the country.

We have some of the best neurosurgery specialists in Bangalore who are experts in Awake Brain Surgery- required to be performed when the tumor or the affected brain area is near the parts of the brain that control vision, movement or speech. Aster CMI Hospital is one of the leading neuro specialist hospitals in India with facility and expertise to ensure minimal damage to vital centers of the brain. We have a team of the best neurosurgeons in Bangalore who specialize in advanced surgical treatments for various brain conditions. The Glowing Brain Tumor Surgery helps to delineate brain tumors from that of normal healthy brain tissue hence ensuring a more precise and total excision of the tumor.

The hospital offers services with a modern approach involving imaging equipment and techniques that are required for traditional as well as minimally invasive surgery. In addition, Aster CMI’s neurosciences department has a team on call 24/7, to handle all kinds of neurological emergencies and trauma.