The word 'Gastroenterology' is derived from Ancient Greek word Gaster meaning “belly”, Enteron meaning “Intestine” and logia meaning “study”; synched as gastro +? enterology & termed as Gastroenterology.
As per the Egyptian papyri, John F. Nunn found major knowledge of gastrointestinal diseases during the periods of the pharaohs. During 2125 B.C., Irynakhty of the tenth dynasty was a court physician specializing in gastroenterology, sleeping, and proctology. William Beaumont is considered as the “Father of Gastrointestinal physiology”, for his research and study on human digestion.
Ismar Boas is considered as the “Father of Gastroenterology” and founder of the oldest surviving publication in digestive diseases.
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of the digestive system and its disorders. The diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract (GI Tract) include the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal.
A Gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of GI tract disorders and conditions.
Some of the common gastrointestinal diseases include Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Gallstones, Celiac Disease, Crohn's Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Diverticulitis and Anal Fissure.
Some of the common symptoms of Gastroenterology conditions are Constipation, Diarrhea, Consistent heartburn, Hemorrhoids, Blood in stool, Abdominal Pain and Bloating, Esophageal Pain or Difficulty Swallowing, Stomach upset, nausea & vomiting, Ulcers and Unexplained weight loss.
The Gastroenterologist will first recommend lifestyle changes, prescribe over counter drugs to prevent and manage symptoms from worsening. However, specialized tests such as an abdominal scan or blood test reports will help your gastroenterologist determine the condition and recommend treatment accordingly.
Based on your medical conditions, a Gastroenterologist will conduct a thorough physical assessment to identify the causes of gastro-related health problems. The diagnostic procedures for gastroenterological diseases are:
Colonoscopy, Balloon-Assisted Endoscopy, Botulinum Toxin Injection for Achalasia, Capsule Endoscopy, Cryotherapy, EndoFLIP, Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Ultrasound, Endoscopic Mucosal Resection, Liver Biopsy, Liver Elastography, Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy, Pneumatic Dilation, Pouchoscopy, Radiofrequency Ablation, Sigmoidoscopy, Upper Endoscopy.