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The word ENT was derived from the Anglo-Saxon (Old English) word ent, meaning "giant". It was first coined by J. R. R. Tolkien in The Lord of the Rings during 1954–55, from Old English ent (“giant”), from Proto-Germanic *antiz.

Otolaryngology is a branch of medicine, which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat conditions. It is also known as otolaryngology-head and neck surgery because specialists are trained in both medicine and surgery. This medical speciality dates back to the 19th century when the doctors identified that ears, nose, and throat are interconnected by a system of tubes and passages. Later, they made special tools to look closer and treat the problems at the areas of ear, nose and throat.

A doctor or physician who specializes in ENT conditions is known as an otolaryngologist or ENT specialist. Otolaryngologists provide care for a diverse range of ENT conditions, using both medical and surgical skills to diagnose and treat patients suffering from ENT problems.

However, ENT specialists pursue additional training in one of these subspecialty areas such as Ear (otology/neurotology), Nose (rhinology), Throat (laryngology, Head and Neck/Thyroid, Sleep Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Pediatrics, include birth defects of the head and neck, developmental delays, ear infection, tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergies etc.

General signs and symptoms:

Runny nose, Sore throat, Coughing or Sneezing, Ear Pain, Hearing loss, Snoring, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Difficulty breathing, Nosebleeds, Painful or swollen ear. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is better to seek medical help from the Best ENT Specialist in Bangalore at Aster CMI Hospital.

Other conditions:
  • Ear - Otosclerosis, age-related hearing loss, perforated eardrum and cholesteatoma and protruding ears.
  • Nose - Sinus infection and rhino-sinusitis, nasal injuries, nasal polyps, tumours of the nose, disorders of the sense of smell and nasal obstruction.
  • Throat - Adenoid problems, tonsillitis, hoarseness and laryngitis, upper airway breathing problems, swallowing problems, obstructive sleep apnoea and snoring.
  • Head and neck - Cancer in mouth, oral cavity, throat, voice box (larynx), salivary glands, skull base or the nose and sinuses, facial skin lesions and thyroid and parathyroid problems.
  • Facial cosmetic surgery - Facial reconstruction following trauma or cancer, rhinoplasty, otoplasty and blepharoplasty.

Based on your condition, the ENT specialist will thoroughly assess the following investigation: Physical exam, Hearing tests (Audiometry, impedance tests), CT scan, MRI scan and PET scan, Needle biopsy and Brief outpatient exam (under anaesthesia).

Book an appointment with Top Ent Doctors in Bangalore or visit Aster CMI, which is one among the best ENT Hospital in Bangalore offering advanced facilities and treatments for a wide range of ENT conditions.


What is ENT?

ENT is a medical speciality which deals with the study of diseases and conditions of the Ear, Nose & Throat. Otolaryngologists, also known as ENT doctors, specialize in the treatment of ENT diseases and conditions, including head and neck region.

What are the conditions that ENT doctors treat?

The ENT doctor can treat various conditions like ear infection, hearing loss, nasal problems like sinusitis, or growths, throat problems like tonsillitis, difficulty swallowing, and voice issues, sleep problems like snoring or obstructive sleep apnea and infections or tumors of the head or neck.

When should I visit an ENT doctor?

If you have a health problem related to your ear, nose, throat, head or neck, you need to see an ENTdoctor or an otolaryngologist. Some of the signs for which you need to visit an ENT doctor are Ringing in your ears, a sore throat, ongoing nasal congestion, sinus pain and persistent hearing loss.

Can ENT doctors perform surgery?

Yes, ENT doctors can treat and perform surgical procedures of the areas and structures involving the ear, nose, throat, larynx, and the sinuses. If you are having problems with any of your ENT related structures, then schedule an appointment with an ENT specialist in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital.

What are the surgical procedures performed by ENT doctor?

ENT doctors can specifically perform the procedures that include Sinus surgery, Snoring/sleep disorder surgery, Corrective breathing surgery and Tonsil removal. Usually, surgery is recommended when the non-invasive treatments and medications fail and cannot improve the condition.

What can I expect in my first ENT appointment?

A full range of ENT assessment will be conducted by your ENT doctor, including the face, ears, nose, throat, and neck. Then your nose will be assessed before and after the use of decongestant nose spray. Then, assessment of your voice box and back of your nose is performed using hand-held mirrors in the mouth.

Will my voice be affected by an ENT surgery?

Yes, for any voice-related disorders, your voice is thoroughly assessed with laryngoscopy and speech tests and treatment is planned accordingly. The most common voice problems include hoarseness and vocal difficulties. If you have voice problems very frequently or notice voice change for a longer time, then consult the Best ENT doctor in Bangalore at Aster CMI hospital.

What are the causes of nosebleeds?

Nosebleeds can be caused due to various reasons; one of the most common reasons is weather changes. Generally, nosebleeds occur in bitter cold environments and hot climates. Other common causes are infection, hypertension, excessive intake of alcohol and use of blood-thinning medicines.

What is a Cochlear implant surgery?

A cochlear implant is a small, complex electronic device that can help an individual who is profoundly deaf, by providing a sense of sound. The implant consists of an external portion that sits behind the ear and a second portion is placed under the skin through surgery.

What are the lifestyle changes after surgery?

It depends on the surgery you are undergoing and usually, your ENT doctor will recommend you to drink lots of water, intake of food on time, manage ideal weight, steam inhalation post nose surgery and to cut spicy food.