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Dental Sciences



The origin of term dentistry is derived from French dentiste, which comes from French and Latin words for tooth. The term for the related scientific study of teeth is odontology, which derived from the Ancient Greek word "odous", meaning tooth. Odontology is the study of the structure, development, and deformities of the teeth.

Dating back to 7000 B.C.E, the history of dentistry may be traced during the Indus Valley Civilization. Pierre Fauchard, a France physician is regarded as the “Father of Modern Dentistry for his accomplishments in the field. He is well-known for writing the scientific description of dentistry. Also, he was the first physician to introduce the idea of dental fillings and the use of dental prosthesis and identified that sugar acids led to tooth decay.


Dentistry also is known as dental medicine and oral medicine is a branch of medicine that focuses on the study of diseases and conditions associated with the oral cavity, oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, especially in the jaw and facial area.

The dentistry or dental science is not just confined to the teeth but also involves many facets of the craniofacial complex, including temporomandibular joints and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular and anatomic structures.

The specialties and subspecialties of Dentistry are Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, Endodontics and Public health dentistry.

A doctor specializing in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of oral cavity diseases and conditions is called a Dentist.

General signs and symptoms:

Dental problems can arise, even with good brushing and flossing, and frequent dentist visits. Our teeth may be damaged at any age due to decay, injury or infection. Some of the general signs and symptoms of dental problems are Toothache or pain, bleeding or swollen gums, loose teeth, receding gums, pain while chewing or biting, swelling of the face and cheek clicking of the jaw, cracked or broken teeth, recurrent dry mouth, oral piercing infection, long-term bad breath and unexplained sensitivity due to hot and cold temperatures. If you experience any of these symptoms of dental health issues, seek medical help from Top Dentist in Bangalore.


Based on your dental and oral condition, including oral cancer, your dentist may perform the following investigations such as X-ray, MRI scan, CT scan and endoscopy.


What are the various types of dental and oral disorders?

The various types of dental and oral disorders dental cavities, gum disease, periodontitis, sensitive teeth, cracked or broken teeth, oral herpes and oral cancer.

What are the common causes of cavities and tooth decay?

The causes of cavities and tooth decay vary based on the condition, some of the common causes include poor oral hygiene, tooth infection, plaque formation, bacteria and acid, and medical problems.

What are the treatments for dental and oral problems?

The treatments for dental and oral problems are cleaning, fluoride treatments, antibiotics, Fillings, crowns, and sealants, Root canal, probiotics and changing daily habits.

Why does the dentist take X-rays?

The dentist will take X-rays to identify the problems in your teeth and jaws such as cavities, tooth decay, and impacted teeth. A low-level radiation X-rays are used to capture images of the interior of your teeth and gums.

What are the various specialisations in dentistry?

The various types of specialisations in dentistry are Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, Endodontics, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Pedodontics, and Public health dentistry.

Why should I go to the dentist regularly?

It is important to keep our teeth and gums healthy. With regular check-ups, we will understand and can keep track of the progress of our dental health.

How often should I consult the Dentist?

It is better to see the Dentist every six months to help prevent cavities and other problems. Even though you have good oral health, it is recommended to visit the dentist for the maintenance of healthy teeth and gums.

What are the surgery options for dental and oral problems?

The surgery options for dental and oral problems are Flap surgery, Bone grafting, Soft tissue grafts, Tooth extraction, and Dental implants.

What happens during my dentist visit?

Your dentist will thoroughly evaluate dental and oral health with various dental examinations as it starts with:

-The head and neck examination, including the face, neck, lymph nodes & lower jaw joints.

-The clinical dental examination includes gums, loose teeth, tongue, broken teeth, tissues inside of your mouth, damages fillings etc. Also, X-rays will be performed to diagnose the dental & oral problem.

-Dental cleaning, including checking of your teeth and gums cleanliness.

How to prevent cavities?

Good oral and dental hygiene can help you prevent cavities and tooth decay. Some of the ways to prevent cavities are brush your teeth well with fluoride toothpaste, consider dental sealants, rinse your mouth with fluoride, eat tooth-healthy foods, visit the dentist regularly to manage dental and oral cavities.

What is Oral and maxillofacial surgery?

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a procedure to correct a broad spectrum of oral and maxillofacial infections, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and hard and soft tissues.