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Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery



The word Craniomaxillofacial is associated with the whole region of the mouth, jaws, face, skull, and connected structures. In other words, the meaning of Craniofacial is cranio, which is the combining form meaning head/skull, whereas facial is the combining form that refers to the facial structures grossly.

The first Pubmed citation was by T H. Huxley, in 1876 with the use of the word Craniofacial. The term Craniofacial is typically used to describe a focus area for researching and treating such congenital malformations, or facial injuries.

Cranio / Maxillofacial defects usually appear from genetic mutations or a deficiency of folic acid in the mother during pregnancy. Although there is no direct correlation between these types of anomalies and components of drugs or the climate, factors such as these that contribute to the conditions. Some deformities in the face can interfere with feeding, speaking and language and cause hearing loss and dental problems. Furthermore, abnormal facial features can lead to social and psychological problems if not corrected.


Craniofacial surgery is a surgical subspecialty that concentrates on the congenital and acquired head, skull, face, neck, jaw and related structures disfigurements. While craniofacial treatment frequently requires bone manipulation, craniofacial surgery is not limited to the tissue; craniofacial surgeons treat bone, skin, nerve, muscle, teeth, and other associated anatomies.

A Craniofacial surgeon is a doctor who specializes in the treatment and management of several conditions affecting the skull and face.

The Craniomaxillofacial speciality’s scope is broad and includes the diagnosis and treatment of facial and head and neck cancers. Some of the common cranio /maxillofacial deformities are cleft lip, cleft palate, craniosynostosis, facial asymmetry, facial fractures, facial trauma, salivary gland diseases, vascular anomalies, impacted teeth, tumours of the jaws, mouth ulcers and infections.

The causes of craniomaxillofacial deformities are a combination of gene (s) from one or both parents, environmental exposures during developmental or growth process and folic acid deficiency.


Based on your condition, the doctor will conduct the following investigations before surgery, they are CT and MRI scans, Genetic testing, Chest x-rays, Electrocardiogram, Urinalysis and Blood test including white blood count.


What is Craniomaxillofacial surgery?

Craniomaxillofacial surgery is a type of surgical procedure that specializes in the treatment of various diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the mouth, jaws and face region.

Who should undergo craniofacial surgery?

Craniofacial surgery is for both children and adults with congenital malformations, head region disfigurations and severe deformities. Usually, this surgery is performed in infants and young children so, the consultation and discussion will happen between the surgeon and the patients’ guardian or parent.

What are the common conditions that need craniofacial surgery?

Some of the common conditions for which craniofacial surgery is recommended are Craniosynostosis, Cleft lip and palate, Microtia, and other syndromes like Goldenhar, Velocardiofacial and Treacher-Collins syndromes and Severe ear deformities. Vist Aster CMI Hospital to avail advanced Orthognathic surgery and Lip Surgery in Bangalore at an affordable cost.

What can I expect after craniofacial surgery?

The expected results after craniofacial surgery are:

  • The surgical procedure has corrected the condition of the patient.
  • The measures are taken to avoid any risks and complications after surgery which does not affect patients' recovery.
  • Identify the needs of patients post surgery, including medications & therapies.
What are the risks and complications of craniofacial surgery?

Like any other procedure, craniofacial surgery is associated with a number of risks and complications such as Blood loss, Infection, Blood clotting problems, Breathing problems, Nerve or brain damage, Bone grafts loss (partial or total) and Permanent scarring. If you are looking for the best hospital offering advanced Craniofacial Surgery in Bangalore, check Aster CMI hospital.

What happens during my first visit to a craniofacial surgeon?

During the initial consultation, your surgeon will thoroughly assess your medical condition and ask about family history, then perform a complete physical examination and tests which include a blood test, CT & MRI scan, and Genetic tests. Based on the initial screening, the surgeon will involve other specialists like ENT, plastic and oral and maxillofacial surgeon etc to develop a customized surgical plan to treat your condition

What is the role of a craniofacial surgeon?

Craniofacial surgeons are specially trained in the care of multiple skull-affecting disorders. For example, craniofacial surgeons perform normal surgery to correct craniosynostosis which is a condition that affects infants in which the skull plates do not have the proper shape.

What is a craniofacial disorder?

It is a disorder or ailment that is concerned with the abnormality of the face and or the head region. This craniofacial disorder may be the result of abnormal growth patterns of the face or skull region, including soft tissue and bones etc caused by a birth defect, illness, or trauma.

What is the recovery time after craniomaxillofacial surgery?

Initially, you may spend the first 2 days in an intensive care unit, post-surgery and if you have no risks and complications, you will be discharged from hospital. Generally, the full recovery time usually takes 6 weeks or more, which is based on your condition.

What are the benefits of craniofacial surgery?

Craniofacial surgery reconstructs damaged bone and tissue, which enhances the appearance of facial and head disfigured areas. Early surgery will mitigate the effect of these conditions on growth, development and function in children with craniofacial anomalies.

Schedule an online appointment with the Best Maxillofacial Surgeon in Bangalore at Aster CMI Hospital to avail advanced treatments and facilities.