SPEECH AND SWALLOW REHABILITATIONAT ASTER RV HOSPITAL
Speech and Swallow Rehabilitation focuses on Communication and swallowing across all the age range at the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehab (PMR), Aster RV Hospital. Speech-Language Pathology is a speciality which deals with the assessment and treatment of speech, language, voice and swallowing disorders. These disorders are caused by neurological conditions such as Brain damage, Stroke, Infection, Birth anomalies or associated with surgical complications in paediatric, adult and geriatric population.
Timely diagnosis and suitable treatment based on the patient needs & their level of functioning, are recommended ways to manage communication and swallowing disorders. The frequency and duration of the treatment vary depending on the severity of the condition.
AREAS OF SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGISTS CAN HELP WITH,
Speech disorders can affect individuals across all age groups. It affects communication, it interrupts the flow of speech, it may affect the individual’s ability to produce correct sounds in a word. Some common types of speech disorders are voice disorders, misarticulation, stuttering, apraxia and dysarthria.
a. Fluency disorders interrupt the flow of speech. An individual can experience a fast rate of speech or repetitions, blocks, prolongations during the conversations and certain physical symptoms like tension in the face, rapid blinking, clenched fists etc.
b. Speech sound disorders affect the individual’s ability to produce correct sounds during the conversation (misarticulation). Individual may have a combination of deficits such as difficulty to discriminate/perceive or produce certain sounds.
c. Dysarthria occurs when damage to the brain causes muscle weakness. People who have dysarthria may experience the following symptoms – Slurred speech, speaking too slowly or quickly, soft or quiet speech, difficulty moving the tongue/ mouth.
d. Apraxia of speech occurs following brain damage. Apraxia affects the individual’s ability to form the speech sounds correct, they know the word they want to say but they are unable to say. Seek immediate medical help from a physician for the Best Speech Therapy in Bangalore at Aster RV.
2. Language disorders can affect the individual’s ability to learn new words or convey the message across during conversation or understand what others say to them.
a. Language delays are usually seen in the paediatric population, delay refers to the condition when a child’s verbal output and understanding develop at a much slower pace than expected.
b. Aphasia affects the person’s ability to communicate, express and understand spoken and written language. It can vary between a very minimal word-finding difficulty to muteness / irrelevant speech, where the person doesn’t understand what you are trying to say. It can occur suddenly after a stroke or head injury or develop slowly from a growing brain tumour or disease.
3. Voice and resonance disorders: usually presented as Change in voice, discomfort upon voicing, vocal fatigue, hoarseness and hypernasality. Usually seen in conditions like vocal nodules, polyps, sulcus vocalis, spasmodic dysphonia, vocal fold palsy, stroke etc. Resonance problems occur from the structural issues like Cleft lip and palate, Velopharyngeal insufficiency/ inadequacy. We also provide counselling on vocal health and hygiene or expiratory muscle strength training to professional voice users like teachers, lawyers etc and carry out treatments like resonant voice therapy, laryngeal massage and relaxation.
4. Swallowing and feeding disorders: Certain medical conditions like Stroke, myasthenia gravis, Parkinson's disease or surgical procedures like tracheostomy, glossectomy, mandibulectomy can lead to dysphagia. Dysphagia can occur in the oral phase, pharyngeal phase and oesophagal phase. Swallowing therapy varies depending on the phase, cause and symptoms presented by the individual.
5. Cognitive-Communication Disorders: affects the individual’s ability to process and manipulate the information, make choices, reasoning and problem-solving skills. Most common causes of such disorders emanate from Dementia, Primary progressive aphasia, brain tumours, stroke and Traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Get in touch with the Best Hospital for Speech and Swallow Therapy in Bangalore or consult the Best Speech Therapist in Bangalore.