Orthopaedic Trauma

Orthopaedic Trauma

Orthopaedic trauma is a broad term describing all kinds of injuries affecting the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments in any part of the body that are caused by trauma. The term is wide-ranging and may refer to minor fractures or severely broken bones with a direct threat to the patient’s life.

ASTER RV ORTHOPEDIC DEPARTMENT focuses on treating fractured bones and musculoskeletal injuries and making sure the injured part of the body regains its original strength and maximum function it used to have prior to the injury.

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Musculoskeletal trauma involves injury to one or more of the following structures:

Bone: A unit of the skeleton composed of the hardest variety of connective tissue. Bones give shape and support to the body. In addition to surrounding and protecting vital organs, they serve as points of attachment for the muscles of the limbs, making movement possible.

Joint: The area where two or more bones articulate with one another. Joints are usually classified in terms of the amount of motion permitted at the articulation. Most joints of the extremities are synovial joints, which allow the greatest amount of motion.

Ligament: A bundle of connective tissue forming part of the fibrous capsule surrounding a joint and attached to it. Every joint of the extremities is reinforced by two or more ligaments, whose purpose is to stabilize the joint by confining its movements to specific planes and preventing movement beyond physiologic limits.

Tendon: The fibrous structure connecting a voluntary muscle to bone, cartilage, or ligaments. Tendons enable muscles to effect motion in the joint or body area to which they are attached.

Orthopedic injuries to these structures include the following:

Fracture: A disruption of bone tissue. Fractures may be caused by: (1) an application of force exceeding the strength of the bone, (2) repetitive stress, or (3) an invasive process that undermines the bone's integrity.

Dislocation: Complete disruption of a joint, such that the articular surfaces of the bones that comprise the joint are no longer in contact with one another.

Subluxation: Partial disruption of a joint, in which some degree of contact between the articular surfaces remains.

Fracture-dislocation or fracture-subluxation: Disruption of a joint combined with fracture of at least one of the bones involved in the articulation.

Strain: A tearing injury to muscle fibers resulting from excessive tension or overuse.

Sprain: A tearing injury to one or more ligaments of a joint, which occurs when the joint is forced beyond the limits of its normal planes of motion.

The many different types of orthopedic trauma are classified based on the affected body part.

Based on the severity it is classified into

The most common causes of traumatic injuries are:

Some people also have a greater propensity for fractures after a fall or accident. For example, a person suffering from osteoporosis, a condition wherein the person’s bones are weak and fragile with some bone conditions (Pathological fractures), can easily break a bone even with a minor fall or slip.

Some people may also suffer from conditions that affect their eyesight or their balance, causing them to fall more frequently and raising their risk of injury.

Additionally, bones do not always break the same way. The break can occur in a straight line, diagonally, or in a spiral manner. Bones can also break into several pieces and, in open fractures, they may stick out of the skin.

Key Symptoms and when to obtain Orthopedic Consultation

Trauma to the bones and soft tissues that fall under orthopedic care may be accompanied by several possible symptoms, depending on which part of the body is affected. The most common symptoms of a broken limb or body part include:

Management of Musculoskeletal injuries

Orthopedic trauma is treated depending on its severity. Simple features can be treated conservatively(non-operative) with plaster or simple surgeries-plates and screw fixation/fixation with intramedullary nails

Open injuries: Open injuries involve wounds with Contamination with bad skin conditions which requires management of wound and also bone. These have high chances of infection. These require External Fixation and skin reconstruction

PolyTrauma- These are life-threatening Injuries so requires a multidisciplinary approach and requires ICU care and addressing injuries in order at the same time stabilizing hemodynamics of the patient (Damage Control Orthopedics).

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