Even when brain stroke is becoming a global epidemic, especially within the third world, it impacts 20 million humans around the world every year. Out of which 5 million people die due to stroke.
There is nonetheless a lack of expertise and consciousness amongst the public about this major health problem. Stroke is fundamentally a brain disease which results due to the fact of reduced or cutting off of blood flow or rupture of blood carrying tubes in the brain. Multiple risk factors are responsible for developing a stroke. Some of the risk factors which cannot be changed include hereditary, black race, age and gender.
Symptoms of Stroke:
Stroke symptoms are based on the brain area involved and may vary from simple numbness to deep coma and even death. The common symptoms of a stroke are difficulty speaking, weakness of a part of the body, loss of vision, loss of balance, acute confusion, altered state of consciousness and acute severe headache.
Based on the symptoms, the neurologist will recommend the following investigations to assess your condition are a Blood test, CT scan and MRI scan.
The landmark study of NIND (National Institute of Neurological Diseases-USA) concerning the usage of ‘clot buster’ drug r-tpa has aided thousands of stroke-affected people in improving significantly and have a minimum or no long-term disability.
The Golden Hour
Time is the only constraint that comes with the above-mentioned drug for stroke. The affected individual should be admitted to the hospital within 4.5 hours after the first symptoms are being recognized. This is referred to as ‘Golden Hour’ for the therapy of brain stroke.
NGOs, government agencies and private sectors should take major initiatives to educate people regarding the availability of this drug and the significance of immediately taking the stroke affected person to the hospital as early as possible.
Seeking medical recommendation at the earliest can also significantly reduce the long-term disability.
Stroke improvement is a continuous process accompanied with proper rehabilitation and medications. However, most advanced facilities are only accessible in some important hospitals and are hence now not as handy or viable for the majority population. So, it is an essential need for well-equipped hospitals and rehabilitation centres with skilled medical personnel.
In addition, the awareness initiatives need to expand and reach rural areas to ensure that most people are adequately informed and educated about stroke, its signs and symptoms, as well as its treatment.